The Ebola Virus, several VirusesThe Ebola Virus, several Viruses

The Ebola Virus, several Viruses

The Ebola Virus is the common name for many strains of virus, three

of which are known to trigger hemorrhagic fever in individuals, which is

characterized by significant bleeding and destruction of interior tissues.

Named for the Ebola River in Zaire, Africa, where in fact the virus was first

identified, the Ebola virus is one of the family Filoviridae. Three

strains of Ebola virus that tend to be fatal to human beings have been

identified. Named for the areas where the first recognized outbreaks

took place, these strains are known as Ebola/Zaire (EBOZ),

Ebola/Sudan (EBOS), and Ebola/Tai Forest (EBOT). A fourth Ebola stress,

called Ebola/Reston(EBOR), is not found to trigger disease in

humans. As outbreaks of Ebola hemorrhagic fever continue steadily to occur,

other strains could be identified. The infections are long rods, 800 to

1000 nanometers (nm) prolonged (1 nm equals one-billionth of a meter, or 4 x

10-8 in), but particles so long as 14,000 nm have already been seen. Each virus

consists of a coiled strand of ribonucleic acid (RNA) within an

envelope

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